Zhou Xiaowen

b. 1954, Beijing
Film director, cinematographer
The transition from military service to film study at the Beijing Film Academy in 1973 marked a turning point in Zhou Xiaowen’s professional life. After two years of training in cinematography, he was assigned to the Xi’an Film Studio, where discussions of film art and experimentation were considered politically dangerous at the time. Nonetheless, Zhou Xiaowen refused to subordinate himself to the mainstream and even tried to become a film director. His chance finally came in 1984 when Wu Tianming, the new head of the Xi’an Film Studio, allowed Zhou to assist director Yan Xueru in the shooting of Wild Mountain.
While Chen Kaige and Zhang Yimou were engaged in filming national allegories, Zhou Xiaowen created films that spoke to contemporary themes while achieving commercial success. The success of Desperation (Zuihou de fengkuang, 1987) and The Price of Frenzy (Fengkuang de daijia, 1988) demonstrated a possible alternative to having to choose between art and commercial film. International recognition did not occur until 1994, however, when Ermo attracted critical attention. In this film, Zhou turns his camera from urban scenes to a rural village to follow a peasant woman as she relentlessly pursues ownership of a 29-inch television that she takes as the symbol of modernity.
The clash of socialist value systems with emerging commercial culture is treated ironically, as the film emphasizes how social and economic changes drive ordinary Chinese into the arms of material capitalism. The success of Ermo brought Zhou Xiaowen the capital necessary to finish a historical epic, The Emperor’s Shadow (Qin Song), in 1996.
Ciecko, Anne and Lu, Sheldon (2002). ‘Televisuality, Capital, and the Global Village: Ermo’. In Sheldon Lu (ed.), China, Transnational Visuality, Global Postmodernity. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 122–38.
Notar, Beth (2001). ‘Blood Money: Women’s Desire and Consumption in Ermo’. Asian Cinema 12.2 (Fall/Winter): 131–53.
Fu, Ping (2003). ‘Ermo: (Tele) Visualizing Urban/ Rural Transformation’. In Chris Berry (ed.), Chinese Films in Focus: 25 New Takes. London: BFI, 73–80.
Tang, Xiaobing (2003). ‘Rural Women and Social Change in New China Cinema: From Li Shuangshuang to Ermo’. positions: east asian cultures critique 11.3 (Winter): 647–74.

Encyclopedia of contemporary Chinese culture. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Zhou Xiaowen — (zh stp|s=|t=周曉文|p=Zhōu Xiăowén) (b. Beijing, 1954) is a Chinese filmmaker. He graduated from the Cinematography Department of the Beijing Film Academy in 1975 and is part of the so called Fifth Generation of Chinese filmmakers.elected… …   Wikipedia

  • Zhou Xiaowen — (周晓文), aussi surnommé Zhou est un réalisateur chinois né à Pékin en 1954. Il a été diplômé de l Université de Cinéma de Pékin en 1975 et fait partie de la cinquième génération du cinéma de Chine continentale. Filmographie 1987 : Desperation… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chinese films of the 1990s — This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. Cinema of China List of Chinese films 1905–1919 1920s …   Wikipedia

  • The Emperor's Shadow — Infobox Chinese Film name = The Emperor s Shadow caption = director = Zhou Xiaowen producer = Chen Kunming Zhang Pimin writer = Lu Wei starring = Jiang Wen Ge You Xu Qing Ge Zhijun music = Zhao Jiping cinematography = Lu Gengxin editing = Zhong… …   Wikipedia

  • Chinese films of the 1980s — This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. Cinema of China List of Chinese films 1905–1919 1920s 1930 …   Wikipedia

  • Cinema of China — Actor Tan Xinpei in The Battle of Dingjunshan, 1905 …   Wikipedia

  • Qin Shi Huang — portant la coiffe impériale mianliu qu il aurait inventée Qin Shi Huangdi (秦始皇帝 pinyin : Qín Shǐ Huángdì ; anciennement Tsin Chi Hoang) (v. 259 – 10 septembre 210) fut d abord le roi de Qin de 247 à 221. Il mit fin à la période féodale… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cinema de Chine continentale — Cinéma de Chine continentale Cinéma d Asie de l Est Cinéma chinois Cinéma continental Cinéma hongkongais Cinéma ta …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cinéma de Chine continentale — Le cinéma de Chine continentale est un des quatre cinémas en langue chinoise, avec celui de Taïwan, de Singapour et de Hong Kong. Sommaire 1 Histoire 1.1 Les années 1920 1930 : Shanghai comme centre 1.2 Le seco …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Empereur Qin — Qin Shi Huang Wikipédia …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.